Diabetes is when a person has a high blood sugar and there are several reasons why a person has high blood sugar: because their insulin production is not effective or because a person’s body cells are not responding to insulin; or in some cases, both. Those who have high blood sugar often experience frequent urination are often thirsty and very hungry. Diabetes risks can be minimized by making corrective changes to your lifestyle.
There are risk factors for both Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes. For Type 1 Diabetes, it most always begins in a person’s childhood because the pancreas stops producing insulin. Insulin is needed to produce energy—energy that is found in food. The most prevalent risk factor for Type 1 diabetes is genetics. Other risk factors for type 1 diabetes are a disease or injury of the pancreas and an infection or illness that affects the pancreas. Diabetes risks can be lessened with a healthy lifestyle.
The risk factors for type 2 diabetes is being overweight or being obese. Diabetes and obesity are at epidemic proportions in the US. For instance, the BMI ratio helps to determine if you are overweight or if you are obese. A BMI of 25 to 29.9 is looked upon as being overweight; while a BMI of 30 or higher is considered to be obese. The US ranks first in the world in terms of obesity, with 30.6% of Americans being considered obese.
Another risk factor for Type 2 diabetes is being pre-diabetic. This is a milder form of diabetes and can be diagnosed with a blood test. It is a major risk factor for adults and children. Another risk factor is being resistant to insulin this condition takes place on a cellular level. Under this condition the body is not able to take in insulin as the glucose moves from one’s blood into cells.
Still another risk factor for Type 2 diabetes is one’s ethnic background. African-Americans, Native Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans and Asian-Americans are prone to have this disease. Diabetes risks can be limited by changing a poor lifestyle into a better and healthier one.
High blood pressure is another risk factor. If you have blood pressure higher than 140/90, you may be more at risk for this kind of diabetes. Diabetes risks, like high blood pressure, can be controlled and monitored.
Having a family history of diabetes puts you at risk of getting diabetes during your life span. Being inactive—not getting regular exercise—is another risk factor for type 2 diabetes; as well as women who develop polycystic ovary syndrome. Also, those over the age of 45 are at a higher risk for this type of diabetes. Being obese or overweight puts women at risk of gestational diabetes.
Other diabetes risks are: having high blood pressure, drinking too much alcohol, eating a high fat diet, being too sedentary during the day and being obese.
To prevent diabetes risks, develop healthy habits such as eating low-fat and high fiber foods, exercise regularly, maintain a healthy BMI level, and cut back on smoking and alcohol intake.